autism spectrum disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) – how we can deal with autistics?

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism is a complex and challenging disorder that affects how children communicate, interact with others, and respond to their environment. It’s also a lifelong condition that can require ongoing support and services.

Diagnosis is made through careful observation of a child’s behavior. It may be done by a team of health care providers that include child neurologists, developmental pediatricians, speech-language pathologists, psychologists, and psychiatrists.

facts about autism spectrum disorder

  • Autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disability that affects a person’s ability to communicate, socialize, and interact with other people.
  • It is a lifelong condition that can impact an individual’s ability to live and work.
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, one in 68 children in the United States is diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. This is an increase from the previous years, which reflects more screenings and awareness among healthcare providers.
  • However, many people have misconceptions about the disorder and the people with it.
  • Understanding facts and statistics about autism can help you better advocate for these individuals and their families.
  • The early diagnosis and treatment of autism spectrum disorder is crucial for improving outcomes. This includes speech therapy, occupational therapy, and social skills training.
  • Some medical conditions also may be associated with autism, including allergies, asthma, bowel disease, feeding disorders, epilepsy, sensory integration dysfunction, and sleeping disorders.
  • About 10% of those with autism have a co-morbid medical condition.

causes of autism spectrum disorder

  • ASD is caused by a mix of genetic and environmental factors.
  • Research shows that specific genetic variants, older parental age, preterm birth, and certain prescription medications taken during pregnancy may increase a person’s risk of developing autism.
  • There are also many medical conditions that can cause autism-like symptoms in children. Examples include Fragile X syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, and Rett syndrome.
  • These disorders are inherited and tend to appear in boys more often than girls.

It is still not clear why some people develop autism and some do not. But scientists are working to determine the causes of autism and how they can be prevented or treated.

They have identified hundreds of genes linked to autism and understand that ASD is a complex disease. This makes it difficult to pinpoint specific causes, but researchers are learning more about how these genetic and environmental factors interact with one another.

symptoms and early signs of autism

Autism is a spectrum disorder, which means the signs and symptoms can vary greatly. This makes diagnosis difficult. The most common signs of autism are:

  • difficulty with social interaction.
  • Children with autism seem to prefer living in their own world, aloof and detached from others.
  • They may also be reluctant to touch or hold people or accept hugging.
  • They might have trouble understanding emotions or talking about them
  • and they tend to use unusual or atypical tones of voice or pitch.
  • Another sign is regression, which means children lose communication skills and social skills they had previously gained. This can happen around 12 to 24 months.
  • These children can be especially impacted by sensory overload, which is the reaction people have to certain sensations like loud noises or bright lights.
  • This can cause them to become overwhelmed and upset, or they can have a meltdown.

diagnoses of autism spectrum disorder

Children on the autism spectrum have a range of challenges that affect how they talk, think, and behave. These challenges can be severe, but they don’t have to be.

Diagnosis of autism is made by a medical professional after a child’s developmental history and behavior are evaluated. Doctors use guidelines from a medical book called the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) to make the diagnosis.

In the past, the three most common forms of autism were Autistic Disorder; Asperger’s Syndrome; and Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). Childhood disintegrative disorder and Rett syndrome were also part of this classification system.

The current standard is a wider range of conditions called autism spectrum disorder, or ASD. There are no longer any specific types of ASD. Rather, everyone who meets the DSM-5’s criteria is given one of three severity levels: low, moderate, or high.

treatment for autism spectrum disorder

If your child has been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, there are many treatments that can help them. These don’t aim to cure the disorder, but to help your child learn new skills and overcome challenges.

The right treatment program can improve your child’s ability to interact with others and function in school, work, and in their everyday life. Therapies can also help your child learn how to express their feelings and needs more clearly.

You should choose a treatment that has been proven to be effective by research. Avoid treatments that offer a ‘cure’ or recovery because there is no evidence to support these claims.


Medications can sometimes be helpful for symptoms like hyperactivity and inability to focus. They can also help control co-occurring mental health conditions or medical issues, such as seizures, sleep problems, or stomach problems.

diets and vitamins and supplements

Other common treatments are special diets and vitamins and supplements. While these can improve your child’s overall well-being, there is no scientific proof that they can help with the symptoms of autism spectrum disorder.

tips for parents having an autistic child

  • It is essential to get proper support and advice from a qualified professional, so you can make the best decisions for your child.
  • It is also important to take care of yourself and stay healthy.
  • Being physically and emotionally strong can help you to cope with your challenges and give your child the care and attention they need.
  • One of the most important tips for parents with autistic children is to develop a good relationship with their child and set up consistent boundaries in their home. This will ensure your child feels safe and secure.
  • Create a visual schedule so that your child knows what to expect at all times.
  • This will make their day more organized and help them to transition smoothly between activities.
  • Research the different therapies and treatment options for autism to find out which ones are right for your child.
  • It is important to choose evidence-based programs that have been tested and proven to work effectively.

how we can deal with autistic

If you’re dealing with an autistic child or an adult on the autism spectrum, there are some things you can do to help.

These tips can help you get through the day easier and with less stress.

  • First, you should pay attention to your kid’s sensory sensitivities.
  • Figure out what sights, sounds, smells, movements, and tactile sensations trigger your kid’s challenging or disruptive behaviors.
  • Also, find out what elicits positive responses such as relaxing, comfortable, safe, and enjoyable.
  • Another way to deal with your child’s sensory issues is to avoid activities or environments that cause them stress. This can include loud noises, bright lights, and strong smells.
  • Similarly, you should be sensitive to your student’s food sensitivities.
  • A simple change of diet or dietary restrictions can make an enormous difference in how an autistic person feels and reacts to their surroundings.
  • Having a consistent routine will also be helpful for your client. Many people with autism prefer to have the same schedule every day.
  • For instance, they might like to have the same meal times and hygiene practices each day.


Autism is a spectrum disorder with heterogeneous symptoms and characteristics. It is a developmental condition that affects communication, social interactions, and behavior in young children.

Early detection and intervention can improve a child’s behavior, language skills, and overall functioning. Treatment involves behavioral therapy, early-intervention programs, and medicines to control symptoms like repetitive behaviors.

The diagnostic process typically begins with a parent/caregiver consultation and observation by a developmental pediatrician, psychologist, or child & adolescent psychiatrist. Additional testing may be required to exclude other disorders.

During the initial visit, your doctor will ask you questions about your child’s behavior, development, and symptoms. If your doctor feels that your child might have autism, he or she will refer you to a medical specialist.

The most important thing to remember is that your child’s symptoms can be a sign of something serious, but they don’t mean he or she is mentally ill. A child with autism can learn new skills, communicate better and lead a normal life as long as the right treatments are used.

resources and references: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Autism Speaks, World Health Organization, WebMD, American Psychiatric Accosiaction.

Mental Health - Mind Detox
Mental Health – Mind Detox






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